Poland Travel Guide
Official name: Rzeczpospolita Polska (Republic of Poland)
Official language: polish
Capital: (Warszawa) is the capital of Poland.
Religion: Roman Catholic 95.8%,
Poland Sights and Museums
What to see: UNESCO heritage sites: ten sites in Poland have been put on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.
Cracow, with its a thousand years of municipal history, is one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. The entire mediaeval layout of the Old City has been carefully preserved.
Close to the Old City, the Royal Castle on Wawel Hill has also been registered on the UNESCO list.
There are tourists who come to Poland just to see the Wieliczka Salt Mine.
Visit Warsaw, the capital of Poland, rebuilt after World War II practically from scratch. Warsaw's vibrant business downtown takes pride in many skyscrapers and ambitious plans to build more. The catchy skyline is still dominated by the enormous and Palace of Culture and Science – a Stalin's donation to Poland. Do not miss the Old Town, the Royal Castle, the museum of Chopin, several magnificent palaces, the former Jewish ghetto and the parks of the city.
There are also two other towns on the UNESCO list, Torun and Zamosc.
Another UNESCO site which arouses excitement and admiration is Malbork Castle, erstwhile headquarters of the Teutonic Order and the largest Gothic fortress in Poland and in Europe.
The Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp museum has been entered on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Several hundred thousand people visit it every year, in Poland. During the Second World War, the Nazis murdered Jews, Poles, Romany People, Russians, and people of several other nationalities; the majority of those who died were Jews deported from all over occupied Europe.
Danzig: The cheerful maritime city is popular with both tourist and holiday destination. Situated by the sea, it has a gentle climate and beautiful beaches. A famous seaside resort Sopot is nearby. The exclusive architecture of the Old Town, including the largest brick Gothic church in the world is undoubtedly worth exploring.
Masurian Lakes: Picturesque land of reputedly 3,000 lakes in Poland. For sailing fans, fishermen, hikers, cyclists and those who seek tranquillity, the Masuria is the number one holiday destination in Poland. Apart from the water sports and wandering around, you may explore a multitude of historical places. There are castles in Reszel, Nidzica and Gizycko, the amazing Baroque church in Swieta Lipka and the Hitler's wartime headquarters in the forests near Ketrzyn.
Events & Celebrations: July-August “Jazz in the Old Town”: Counted among the most popular jazz festivals in Poland. Warsaw
From 2 to 4 June enjoy the most important cultural event in Poland, promoting the latest achievements of Polish pop music. It s a festival of Polish song with contests and performances.
26th of may in Zlotoryja: gold washing competition, parades, history staging, outdoor events, exchange of minerals.
How to get there By plane: domestic flights are serviced by Polish Airlines LOT. At present, in Poland there are 11 airports offering domestic flights: Warsaw, Szczecin, Gdansk, Bydgoszcz, Poznan, Lódz, Zielona Góra, Wroclaw, Katowice, Cracow and Rzeszów.
International airports are available in Warsaw, Gdansk, Katowice, Poznan and Wroclaw.
By train: passengers are serviced by PKP – the Polish State Railways. Three types of trains are available: intercity, eurocity and expresses; fast and slow trains. Passengers can travel in two classes: first and second. To travel in eurocity, intercity and express trains, passengers must purchase so called miejscówka, which entitles them to take a given seat on a train.Trains operating on long distances frequently have additional buffet cars and sleeping cars. Foreigners cannot take advantage of discounts for students and school children.
Transports Tickets for distances over 100 km are valid for two days in Poland, however the journey must start on the first day of the ticket validity.
Tourists coming to Poland may rent automobiles with or without drivers from specialised international rent-a-car companies, or from Polish private rental offices. Car rental services are also found at border crossings, airports, hotel receptions, and some travel bureaux.